The Most Advanced Eye Surgery: A Comprehensive Ranking

Choose the eye surgery you think is the most advanced!

Author: Gregor Krambs
Updated on Apr 8, 2024 06:18
Welcome to StrawPoll, the ultimate platform for polling enthusiasts, where we bring to you the most intriguing and thought-provoking polls and rankings! Today, we dive deep into the fascinating world of medical advancements with our latest ranking, "What is the most advanced eye surgery?" From LASIK to Corneal Transplants, it's time for you to cast your vote for the surgical procedure that has revolutionized the field of ophthalmology. Not only can you vote for your favorite, but you can also suggest a missing option to make sure your voice is heard. So, don your virtual lab coats, grab your digital scalpels, and join us in this exciting exploration of the cutting-edge techniques that are reshaping the future of eye care. Don't miss this opportunity to share your opinion and contribute to the ongoing conversation around the wonders of modern medicine – it's time to cast your vote and make your mark on the StrawPoll community!

What Is the Most Advanced Eye Surgery?

  1. 1
    This surgery involves using a laser to reshape the cornea and improve vision. It is the most common refractive surgery performed and has a high success rate.
    LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) is a surgical procedure that corrects refractive errors in the eye, such as myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism. It is one of the most advanced and commonly performed forms of eye surgery.
    • Procedure: LASIK involves using a laser to reshape the cornea, the clear front part of the eye, to correct the refractive errors.
    • Anesthesia: Local anesthesia is used to numb the eye prior to the procedure.
    • Flap Creation: A microkeratome or femtosecond laser is used to create a thin flap in the cornea, which is then lifted to access the underlying tissue.
    • Corneal Reshaping: A cool ultraviolet laser is used to remove tiny amounts of corneal tissue, allowing for the reshaping of the cornea to correct the refractive error.
    • Precision: LASIK allows for precise and customized reshaping of the cornea, tailored to the individual's specific refractive error.
  2. 2
    A variation of LASIK that uses a femtosecond laser to create a corneal flap instead of a microkeratome blade. It is thought to be more precise and reduce the risk of complications.
    Femto-LASIK is a highly advanced eye surgery technique used to correct refractive errors such as myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. It is a combination of two procedures: femtosecond laser technology and LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis). The procedure aims to improve vision by reshaping the cornea to alter the way light is focused onto the retina.
    • Precision: Femto-LASIK utilizes the precision of femtosecond laser technology to create a thin, precise, and customized corneal flap.
    • Corneal flap: The procedure involves creating a precise corneal flap using the femtosecond laser, which is then lifted to expose the underlying corneal tissue.
    • Safety: Femto-LASIK offers enhanced safety by eliminating the need for a mechanical microkeratome blade, minimizing the risk of complications.
    • Personalization: The laser technology allows for personalized treatment, as the surgeon can customize the corneal flap size, shape, and depth according to the patient's specific needs.
    • Rapid healing: Patients typically experience faster healing and recovery times compared to traditional LASIK procedures, due to the precise nature of the femtosecond laser-created flap.
  3. 3
    A surgery that uses a laser to reshape the cornea without creating a flap. It is often used for patients with thin corneas or other conditions that make LASIK unsuitable.
    PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy) is a type of refractive eye surgery that uses a laser to reshape the cornea, correcting common vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. It is considered one of the most advanced procedures for laser vision correction.
    • Procedure Type: Laser refractive surgery
    • Corneal Reshaping: Reshapes the cornea by removing tissue
    • Suitable Candidates: Patients with mild to moderate refractive errors
    • Recovery Time: Typically, several days to a few weeks
    • Corneal Healing: New epithelial cells regenerate after a few days
  4. 4
    Similar to PRK, but a thin layer of epithelial cells is preserved and repositioned after the laser treatment. It has a longer recovery time but may be more suitable for some patients.
    LASEK (Laser Epithelial Keratomileusis) is an advanced type of eye surgery that is used to correct refractive errors, such as myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. It is a variation of the popular LASIK procedure, but with some modifications to the technique.
    • Procedure: LASEK involves creating a thin flap on the cornea's epithelial layer, rather than the deeper layers as in LASIK.
    • Epithelial Removal: The surgeon uses a diluted alcohol solution to loosen and detach the epithelial layer.
    • Laser Reshaping: A computer-controlled excimer laser is used to reshape the cornea, correcting the refractive error.
    • Flap Repositioning: After laser treatment, the epithelial flap is repositioned over the treated area, acting as a natural bandage.
    • Recovery Time: LASEK generally requires a slightly longer recovery period compared to LASIK.
  5. 5
    A newer surgery that uses a femtosecond laser to create a lenticule within the cornea, which is then removed through a small incision. It has a shorter recovery time than other procedures and may be better for patients with dry eyes.
    SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction) is a modern and advanced eye surgery technique that uses femtosecond laser technology to correct refractive errors. Unlike traditional LASIK surgery, SMILE does not require the creation of a corneal flap, making it less invasive and potentially reducing the risk of complications. Instead, it involves creating a small incision through which a thin lenticule, comprising of the targeted corneal tissue, is removed, reshaping the cornea and correcting the patient's vision impairment.
    • Minimally Invasive: No corneal flap creation
    • Refractive Errors Corrected: Myopia (nearsightedness) and astigmatism
    • Procedure Time: Typically takes 10-15 minutes per eye
    • Recovery Time: Patients usually experience faster visual recovery compared to LASIK
    • Predictability: High predictability in achieving desired visual outcomes
  6. 6
    A type of intraocular lens that is implanted inside the eye to correct vision. It is often used for patients with high levels of nearsightedness or who are not candidates for LASIK.
    The ICL (Implantable Collamer Lens) is a type of eye surgery that involves the insertion of a soft, flexible lens inside the eye to correct vision problems such as myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism. Unlike other types of eye surgeries, the ICL procedure does not involve the removal of the natural lens of the eye.
    • Material: Collamer, a biocompatible material
    • Lens Design: Customizable aspheric lens
    • Power Range: Corrects myopia up to -20.00 diopters, hyperopia up to +10.00 diopters, and astigmatism up to 6.00 diopters
    • Lens Size: Available in various diameters to fit individual eye anatomy
    • Intraocular Placement: Positioned behind the iris and in front of the natural lens
  7. 7
    A surgery that replaces the eye's natural lens with an artificial one to correct vision. It is often used for patients with presbyopia or other age-related vision problems.
    Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE) is an advanced eye surgery that involves removing the eye's natural lens and replacing it with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL). It is primarily used to correct severe refractive errors such as high myopia, hyperopia, or presbyopia. RLE is similar to cataract surgery, but it is performed on patients who do not have cataracts.
    • Corrects severe refractive errors: RLE can effectively correct high myopia, hyperopia, and presbyopia.
    • Replaces natural lens: The eye's natural lens is replaced with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL).
    • Non-cataract surgery: RLE is performed on patients without cataracts.
    • Eliminates the need for glasses: RLE can greatly reduce or eliminate the need for glasses or contact lenses.
    • Provides permanent vision correction: The implanted IOL provides a permanent correction of refractive errors.
  8. 8
    A surgery that replaces a damaged or diseased cornea with a healthy donor cornea. It is often used for patients with corneal scarring, keratoconus, or other conditions that affect the cornea.
    Corneal transplant, also known as corneal grafting, is a surgical procedure that involves replacing a damaged or diseased cornea with a healthy cornea from a deceased donor. This procedure helps restore vision and can be performed to treat various corneal conditions, such as corneal infections, corneal scarring, thinning of the cornea, and corneal dystrophies.
    • Success Rate: The success rate of corneal transplant surgery is about 90-95%.
    • Recovery Time: The initial recovery period typically lasts a few weeks, but complete healing may take several months to a year.
    • Transplant Techniques: There are two primary corneal transplant techniques: penetrating keratoplasty (full-thickness transplant) and endothelial keratoplasty (partial-thickness transplant).
    • Donor Compatibility: Finding a suitable donor match is crucial for transplant success. Donated corneas are carefully screened for compatibility.
    • Immunosuppressive Medication: Patients typically require long-term use of immunosuppressive medication to prevent rejection of the transplanted cornea.
  9. 9
    A type of corneal transplant that replaces only the innermost layer of the cornea (the endothelium). It has a shorter recovery time and fewer complications than traditional corneal transplant surgery.
    DSEK (Descemet's Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty) is a surgical procedure used for treating diseased corneas by replacing only the innermost layers of the cornea. It involves removing the damaged endothelial cells and transplanting healthy donor cells to restore normal vision.
    • Corneal layers addressed: Only the innermost endothelial layer is replaced.
    • Donor tissue: Healthy donor endothelial cells are transplanted.
    • Incision size: Small incision is made to access the cornea.
    • Recovery time: Usually faster than traditional corneal transplant surgeries.
    • Surgical duration: Procedure typically takes around 30-60 minutes.
  10. 10
    A surgery that removes the vitreous gel from the eye and replaces it with a saline solution. It is often used to treat retinal detachments, macular holes, and other conditions that affect the retina.
    Vitrectomy is an advanced eye surgery that involves the removal of the vitreous gel from the middle of the eye. The vitreous gel is a clear, jelly-like substance that fills the space between the lens and the retina. This surgery is usually performed to treat a variety of conditions affecting the retina and vitreous, such as retinal detachment, macular hole, or vitreous hemorrhage.
    • Procedure: Removal of vitreous gel
    • Purpose: Treatment of retinal and vitreous conditions
    • Applications: Retinal detachment, macular hole, vitreous hemorrhage, diabetic retinopathy, proliferative vitreoretinopathy
    • Instruments: Microscope, light source, vitrectomy machine, various tiny instruments
    • Incision Size: Micro-incisions (typically 0.5-1.0 mm) are made in the eye

Missing your favorite eye surgery?


Ranking factors for advanced eye surgery

  1. Success rate
    The percentage of patients who achieve the desired outcome without complications is a key indicator of the effectiveness of an eye surgery.
  2. Safety
    The surgery should have a low incidence of complications and side effects, such as infections, scarring, or vision loss.
  3. Precision
    The surgery should be accurate in correcting vision problems and achieving the desired results.
  4. Recovery time
    Advanced eye surgeries should have a shorter recovery period, allowing patients to return to their normal activities quickly.
  5. Pain levels
    The surgery should minimize pain and discomfort for patients, both during and after the procedure.
  6. Longevity of results
    The benefits of the surgery should last for a reasonable amount of time without requiring additional interventions.
  7. Adaptability
    The surgery should be capable of addressing various eye conditions and individual patient needs.
  8. Accessibility
    Ideally, advanced eye surgery should be available to a wide range of patients, taking into consideration factors such as age, overall health, and financial limitations.
  9. Technological advancements
    The use of innovative surgical tools, techniques, and equipment should be considered, as they can contribute to the overall effectiveness and efficiency of the procedure.
  10. Surgeon expertise
    The skill and experience of the surgeon are important factors to consider, as they can significantly impact the outcomes of the surgery. Surgeons who specialize in advanced eye surgeries and have a proven track record of successful outcomes should be considered for these procedures.

About this ranking

This is a community-based ranking of the most advanced eye surgery. We do our best to provide fair voting, but it is not intended to be exhaustive. So if you notice something or operation is missing, feel free to help improve the ranking!


  • 173 votes
  • 10 ranked items

Movers & Shakers

Voting Rules

A participant may cast an up or down vote for each operation once every 24 hours. The rank of each operation is then calculated from the weighted sum of all up and down votes.

More information on most advanced eye surgery

Eye surgeries have come a long way in recent years, with advanced technologies and techniques making procedures safer, more accurate, and more effective than ever before. In the realm of eye surgery, there are several procedures that are considered to be among the most advanced. These include LASIK, PRK, and SMILE. LASIK (Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis) uses a laser to reshape the cornea, correcting refractive errors such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy) is similar to LASIK, but instead of creating a flap in the cornea, the top layer of cells is removed and the laser is applied directly to the cornea. SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction) is a newer procedure that uses a laser to create a small, precise incision in the cornea to remove a small piece of tissue and reshape the cornea. Each of these procedures has its own benefits and drawbacks, and the choice of which procedure to use will depend on the individual patient's needs and circumstances.

Share this article