The Most Famous Female Biologist: Celebrating the Achievements of Trailblazing Scientists

Choose the female biologist you think is the most famous!

Author: Gregor Krambs
Updated on Feb 26, 2024 07:04
"Who runs the world? Female biologists!" Dive into the fascinating world of science as we present to you a thrilling ranking of the most famous female biologists who have made groundbreaking discoveries and shaped our understanding of life itself! These extraordinary women have defied the odds and shattered glass ceilings, leaving behind a legacy that continues to inspire generations. Now it's your turn to cast your vote and decide who holds the prestigious title of the most renowned female biologist. Don't see your favorite scientist on the list? Worry not, you can also suggest a missing name and make sure her achievements are recognized. Are you ready to embark on a journey through the annals of scientific history? Join us at StrawPoll and be a part of this exciting race to celebrate the brilliance of female biologists!

Who Is the Most Famous Female Biologist?

  1. 1
    Rosalind Franklin
    MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology · CC BY-SA 4.0

    Rosalind Franklin

    Raymond Gosling
    Franklin is most famously known for her work in X-ray crystallography and her contribution to the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA. Her work was crucial to the development of molecular biology and genetics.
    Rosalind Franklin is a scientific instrument used for X-ray crystallography, a technique used to determine the 3D structure of molecules. It played a pivotal role in discovering the double helix structure of DNA.
    • Type: Scientific instrument
    • Function: X-ray crystallography
    • Field of Application: Molecular biology
    • Discovery: Double helix structure of DNA
    • Year of Creation: 1951
    Rosalind Franklin in other rankings
  2. 2

    Jane Goodall

    Jane Goodall herself
    Goodall is a primatologist and anthropologist who is known for her groundbreaking work studying chimpanzees in the wild. Her research has greatly advanced our understanding of primate behavior and has had a significant impact on conservation efforts.
    Jane Goodall is not a physical object but a renowned British primatologist and anthropologist. She is considered one of the most beautiful elderly women due to her incredible spirit, compassion, and tireless dedication towards the study and conservation of chimpanzees and their natural habitats.
    • Age: 87
    • Nationality: British
    • Field of expertise: Primatology and Anthropology
    • Notable Achievements: Discovering chimpanzees' tool-making behavior, pioneering research on their social and family relationships, establishing the Jane Goodall Institute for animal welfare and environmental conservation
    • Awards: Multiple honorary degrees and awards including the Kyoto Prize, Benjamin Franklin Medal, and Prince of Asturias Award
    Jane Goodall in other rankings
  3. 3
    McClintock was a pioneering geneticist who is best known for her discovery of transposable elements, or "jumping genes," which revolutionized the field of genetics. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1983 for her work.
    Barbara McClintock in other rankings
  4. 4
    Margulis was a biologist and science writer who is best known for her theory of endosymbiosis, which suggests that eukaryotic cells evolved from symbiotic relationships between different types of prokaryotic cells. Her work has had a major impact on our understanding of evolution and the origins of life.
  5. 5

    Rachel Carson

    Rachel Carson
    Carson was a marine biologist and environmentalist who is best known for her book Silent Spring, which brought attention to the harmful effects of pesticides on the environment and helped launch the modern environmental movement.
    Rachel Carson is not a scientist, but an American marine biologist, author, and conservationist. She is renowned for her groundbreaking work in environmental conservation with a focus on the harmful effects of pesticides and her influential book 'Silent Spring'.
    • Birthdate: May 27, 1907
    • Field of Expertise: Marine Biology and Conservation
    • Publication Date: September 1962
    • Book Title: Silent Spring
    • Influence: Catalyzed the modern environmental movement
    Rachel Carson in other rankings
  6. 6
    Anning was a paleontologist and fossil collector who made numerous significant discoveries in the early 19th century, including the first complete ichthyosaur skeleton and the first pterosaur fossil found outside of Germany. Her work helped establish the field of paleontology and contributed to our understanding of the history of life on Earth.
    Mary Anning in other rankings
  7. 7
    Fossey was a primatologist and conservationist who is best known for her work studying gorillas in Rwanda. Her research helped raise awareness about the plight of endangered primates and inspired the establishment of the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund, which continues to work towards gorilla conservation today.
    Dian Fossey in other rankings
  8. 8
    Mae Jemison
    NASA · Public domain

    Mae Jemison

    Mae Jemison
    Jemison is a physician and astronaut who became the first African American woman to travel to space in 1992. She is also a dedicated advocate for science education and has worked to inspire young people, particularly girls and minorities, to pursue careers in science and technology.
    Mae Jemison is an astronaut, physician, and engineer who became the first African American woman to travel into space. She is widely recognized for her contributions in promoting science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education, and for breaking barriers as a woman of color in the field of space exploration.
    • First African American Woman in Space: Yes
    • Profession: Astronaut, Physician, Engineer
    • Promoter of STEM education: Yes
    • Gender: Female
    • Race/Ethnicity: African American
    Mae Jemison in other rankings
  9. 9
    Levi-Montalcini was a neurobiologist who is best known for her discovery of nerve growth factor, a protein that plays a key role in the development and survival of nerve cells. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1986 for her work.
  10. 10
    Wilson is a biologist and naturalist who is best known for his work on ants and other social insects, as well as for his contributions to the study of biodiversity and conservation biology. He has won numerous awards for his research and has been a vocal advocate for environmental protection.

Missing your favorite female biologist?


About this ranking

This is a community-based ranking of the most famous female biologist. We do our best to provide fair voting, but it is not intended to be exhaustive. So if you notice something or biologist is missing, feel free to help improve the ranking!


  • 222 votes
  • 10 ranked items

Voting Rules

A participant may cast an up or down vote for each biologist once every 24 hours. The rank of each biologist is then calculated from the weighted sum of all up and down votes.

More information on most famous female biologist

Background Information: Who is the Most Famous Female Biologist? Throughout history, women have made significant contributions to the field of biology, but often their achievements have been overshadowed by their male counterparts. However, there are several notable female biologists who have made a lasting impact on the field. One of the most famous female biologists is Rosalind Franklin, who is best known for her work in X-ray crystallography, which helped to uncover the structure of DNA. Her research was instrumental in the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA, which revolutionized the field of genetics. Another notable female biologist is Jane Goodall, whose groundbreaking work with chimpanzees in Tanzania shed light on the complex social behaviors of these primates. Her research has had a significant impact on our understanding of animal behavior and has helped to promote conservation efforts around the world. Barbara McClintock, an American geneticist, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1983 for her groundbreaking work on genetic transposition, which helped to explain how genes are regulated and expressed in cells. Other famous female biologists include Rachel Carson, whose book "Silent Spring" helped to launch the modern environmental movement, and Lynn Margulis, whose research on symbiosis and evolution challenged traditional views on the origins of life. In conclusion, while there have been many influential female biologists throughout history, Rosalind Franklin, Jane Goodall, Barbara McClintock, Rachel Carson, and Lynn Margulis stand out as some of the most famous and impactful. Their

Share this article