The Most Popular Dome: A Ranking of Favorite Choices

Choose the dome you think is the most popular!

Author: Gregor Krambs
Updated on Feb 26, 2024 06:00
Welcome to StrawPoll's ultimate showdown of the domes! As a hub for countless polls and rankings, we now bring you an exciting ranking to determine the most popular dome across the globe. From architectural marvels to eco-friendly designs, these domes have captured our imaginations and left us in awe. But which one rules them all? That's where you come in! Cast your vote, make your voice heard, and help us crown the ultimate dome champion. And if you think we've missed out on a deserving contender, fear not – simply suggest your favorite and watch it climb the ranks. So, dome enthusiasts, it's time to dive into this mesmerizing world and explore the best of the best. Are you ready to embark on this captivating journey? Let the dome wars commence!

What Is the Most Popular Dome?

  1. 1
    Pantheon, Rome
    Roberta Dragan · CC BY-SA 2.5
    The Pantheon is widely considered one of the best-preserved ancient buildings in Rome. It is a true architectural masterpiece, featuring a massive dome that spans 43 meters in diameter.
    The Pantheon is a well-preserved ancient Roman temple located in the city of Rome, Italy. It was built as a place of worship and dedicated to all the gods of pagan Rome. The temple's most distinctive feature is its massive dome, which exemplifies the architectural prowess of the time.
    • Construction Period: Built between 118 and 125 AD.
    • Architectural Style: Roman Architecture
    • Dome Diameter: 43.3 meters (142 feet)
    • Dome Height: 43.3 meters (142 feet)
    • Rotunda Diameter: 43.3 meters (142 feet)
  2. 2
    The Hagia Sophia is a stunning example of Byzantine architecture. Its massive dome, which measures 31 meters in diameter, has been a source of inspiration for architects for centuries.
    Hagia Sophia, located in Istanbul, Turkey, is a historic architectural marvel known for its stunning dome and rich cultural significance. Originally constructed as a Byzantine church, it later served as a mosque and is now a museum. It is often considered one of the most iconic examples of Byzantine architecture and a masterpiece of human creativity and engineering.
    • Location: Istanbul, Turkey
    • Construction Period: 532–537 AD
    • Architectural Style: Byzantine
    • Main Material: Marble and brick
    • Dome Diameter: 31.24 meters (102.5 ft)
  3. 3
    St. Peter's Basilica is one of the most important churches in the world. Its massive dome, which was designed by Michelangelo, measures 42 meters in diameter.
    St. Peter's Basilica, located in Vatican City, is one of the most beautiful architectural structures in the world. It is a renowned symbol of Renaissance and Baroque architecture, serving as the primary papal shrine and the burial site of Saint Peter, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus. The basilica stands prominently in St. Peter's Square, and its grandeur and architectural magnificence attract millions of visitors annually.
    • Architectural Style: Renaissance and Baroque
    • Height: 137 meters (452 feet)
    • Area: 21,095 square meters (227,060 square feet)
    • Facade Material: Travertine stone
    • Dome Diameter: 42 meters (138 feet)
    St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City in other rankings
  4. 4
    The Dome of the Rock is one of the most iconic buildings in the world. Its golden dome, which is visible from miles away, is a testament to the beauty and grandeur of Islamic architecture.
    The Dome of the Rock is an iconic Islamic shrine located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem. It is a masterpiece of Islamic architecture and is recognized for its magnificent golden dome and intricate mosaics. The dome is an important symbol for Muslims and reflects the rich history and significance of Jerusalem in Islam.
    • Architectural Style: Islamic architecture with Byzantine and Persian influences
    • Location: Temple Mount, Old City of Jerusalem
    • Dome Diameter: 20 meters (66 feet)
    • Height of Dome: 35 meters (115 feet)
    • Exterior Material: Palestinian marble and ceramic tilework
  5. 5
    Florence Cathedral, Florence
    Petar Milošević · CC BY-SA 4.0
    The Florence Cathedral is one of the most famous landmarks in Florence, Italy. Its massive dome, which was designed by Filippo Brunelleschi, measures 45 meters in diameter.
    The Florence Cathedral, also known as the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore or just Il Duomo, is a stunning cathedral located in Florence, Italy. It is one of the most famous and iconic domes in the world and is considered a masterpiece of Renaissance architecture.
    • Architectural Style: Italian Gothic and Renaissance
    • Height: 114.5 meters (375.7 feet)
    • Dome Diameter: 45.5 meters (149 feet)
    • Construction Period: Started in 1296, completed in 1436
    • Materials Used: Brick, marble, and stone
  6. 6
    Reichstag Dome, Berlin
    Michael J. Zirbes · Public domain

    Reichstag Dome, Berlin

    Norman Foster
    The Reichstag Dome is a modern marvel of architecture. Its glass dome, which offers stunning views of the city, is a symbol of transparency and democracy.
    The Reichstag Dome in Berlin is a historic and iconic dome that sits atop the Reichstag building. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Berlin, known for its stunning architecture and panoramic views of the city. The dome was designed to symbolize transparency, as it allows visitors to look down into the inner workings of the German parliamentary democracy that takes place below it.
    • Height: 23.5 meters
    • Diameter: 40 meters
    • Materials: Steel and glass
    • Construction Period: 1995-1999
    • Visitors per year: over 2 million
  7. 7
    The United States Capitol Dome is a symbol of American democracy. Its massive dome, which was restored in the early 21st century, measures 29 meters in diameter.
    The United States Capitol Dome in Washington D.C. is an iconic architectural feature encompassing the dome of the United States Capitol building. It serves as a symbol of democracy and the seat of the United States Congress. The dome is a prominent landmark that can be seen from various points across the city.
    • Height: Approximately 288 feet (88 meters)
    • Diameter: 135 feet (41 meters)
    • Materials: Cast iron and masonry
    • Style: Neoclassical and Renaissance Revival
    • Construction Period: 1855-1866
  8. 8
    Temppeliaukio Church, Helsinki
    Pertsaboy · CC BY-SA 3.0

    Temppeliaukio Church, Helsinki

    Timo and Tuomo Suomalainen
    The Temppeliaukio Church is one of the most unique churches in the world. Its dome, which was carved out of solid rock, is a testament to the ingenuity and creativity of Finnish architects.
    Temppeliaukio Church, also known as the Rock Church, is a popular tourist attraction and a unique place of worship located in Helsinki, Finland. It was designed by architects Timo and Tuomo Suomalainen and completed in 1969. The church is built directly into solid rock, giving it a distinctive appearance and serene atmosphere.
    • Location: Helsinki, Finland
    • Year completed: 1969
    • Architects: Timo and Tuomo Suomalainen
    • Construction material: Rock
    • Style: Modern
  9. 9

    Dome of St. George's Hall, Liverpool

    Harvey Lonsdale Elmes
    The Dome of St. George's Hall is a stunning example of Victorian architecture. Its massive dome, which measures 20 meters in diameter, is a testament to the grandeur and opulence of the era.
    The Dome of St. George's Hall in Liverpool is a magnificent architectural feature that crowns the iconic St. George's Hall building. It is a large dome structure that serves as a prominent landmark and an integral part of Liverpool's skyline. The dome is an excellent example of neoclassical architecture, showcasing a blend of Greek and Roman design elements.
    • Location: Liverpool, England
    • Year of Completion: 1854
    • Dome Height: 51 meters
    • Dome Diameter: 26 meters
    • Material: Cast iron and glass
  10. 10

    Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence

    Filippo Brunelleschi
    Santa Maria del Fiore is one of the most famous cathedrals in Italy. Its massive dome, which was designed by Filippo Brunelleschi, measures 45 meters in diameter and is a symbol of the Renaissance.
    Santa Maria del Fiore, commonly known as the Florence Cathedral, is a magnificent dome located in Florence, Italy. It is the main church of the city and a remarkable feat of Renaissance architecture.
    • Year of Completion: 1436
    • Diameter: 45.5 meters (149 feet)
    • Height: 91 meters (296 feet)
    • Materials: Brick and marble
    • Style: Renaissance

Missing your favorite dome?


Ranking factors for popular dome

  1. Architectural significance
    Consider the uniqueness, beauty, and ingenuity of the dome's design and construction methods. Some domes are famous for their historical and architectural importance, like the Pantheon in Rome or Hagia Sophia in Istanbul.
  2. Size and scale
    Larger, record-breaking domes often garner more attention and popularity. Compare the diameter, height, and overall volume of the domes under consideration.
  3. When it was built
    The age of the dome can contribute to its popularity. Older domes with historical value or those that have stood the test of time are often more fascinating to people.
  4. Material and craftsmanship
    The quality and type of materials used, as well as the skill and expertise of the builders, can influence the popularity of a dome.
  5. Cultural and religious significance
    Many domes are part of important religious or cultural institutions, like mosques, churches, or government buildings, which can impact their popular perception and importance.
  6. Tourism and accessibility
    The popularity of a dome can be influenced by the number of visitors it attracts and how easily people can visit and experience it. A dome that is part of a well-known tourist destination is likely to be more popular.
  7. Public awareness and recognition
    Consider whether the dome is recognizable and widely known, featured in media, films, books, or as part of a famous skyline.
  8. Interior and exterior appearance
    The aesthetics of the dome (both inside and outside) might impact its ranking, based on factors such as intricate details, artwork, and its impact on the surrounding environment.
  9. Technical achievements
    Some domes may be more popular due to innovative engineering, technology, or building methods used in their construction, like innovative tension structures or environmentally friendly designs.
  10. Historical events and associations
    A dome connected to significant historical or political events or associated with famous individuals can contribute to its popularity.

About this ranking

This is a community-based ranking of the most popular dome. We do our best to provide fair voting, but it is not intended to be exhaustive. So if you notice something or dome is missing, feel free to help improve the ranking!


  • 142 votes
  • 10 ranked items

Voting Rules

A participant may cast an up or down vote for each dome once every 24 hours. The rank of each dome is then calculated from the weighted sum of all up and down votes.

More information on most popular dome

Domes have been a part of human architecture for thousands of years, originating in ancient civilizations like the Greeks and Romans. Today, they continue to be a popular design element in modern architecture and are used in everything from religious buildings to sports arenas. The beauty and elegance of domes have captured the imagination of people around the world, and it's no surprise that they are a popular subject for polls and rankings. From the iconic dome of the US Capitol building to the stunningly intricate dome of the Taj Mahal, there are countless domes that have captured the hearts of people around the world. So, what is the most popular dome? Let's find out!

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