The Most Popular Java Framework: A Ranking of the Top Choices

Choose the framework you think is the most popular!

Author: Gregor Krambs
Updated on Apr 13, 2024 07:15
Welcome to StrawPoll, where your opinion matters! Today, we're diving into the ever-evolving world of Java frameworks, and we need your help to determine the most popular one! With countless options out there, it's time to go head-to-head and cast your vote for the best of the best. From Spring and Hibernate to JavaServer Faces and Play, we've got the top contenders lined up and ready for your input. Not seeing your favorite Java framework in our list? No worries! You can suggest a missing option and rally support for it. So, why wait? Join the ranks of thousands of developers and tech enthusiasts, and let your voice be heard in our ultimate Java framework showdown! Be a part of the action now and contribute to the ever-growing StrawPoll community!

What Is the Most Popular Java Framework?

  1. 1
    44
    votes

    Spring Framework

    Rod Johnson
    One of the most widely used Java frameworks, Spring allows developers to build scalable and modular applications. It provides a wide range of features such as dependency injection, security, and data access, making it a popular choice for enterprise applications.
    The Spring Framework is a powerful and popular open-source application framework for Java. It provides comprehensive infrastructure support for developing Java applications and simplifies the development process by handling many aspects of application architecture and infrastructure.
    • Dependency Injection (DI): Enables loose coupling between components.
    • Aspect-Oriented Programming (AOP): Allows modularization of cross-cutting concerns.
    • Inversion of Control (IOC): Manages the creation and lifecycle of application objects.
    • Transaction Management: Supports declarative transaction management.
    • MVC Framework: Provides a Model-View-Controller architecture for web applications.
  2. 2
    36
    votes
    Hibernate is an object-relational mapping (ORM) framework that simplifies database interactions by mapping Java objects to database tables. It is widely used to streamline data persistence in enterprise applications.
    Hibernate is a popular open-source object-relational mapping (ORM) framework for Java. It provides a way to map Java classes to database tables, as well as the ability to perform database operations using object-oriented methods. Hibernate helps in simplifying database interactions by abstracting away the low-level SQL statements and providing a high-level query language called Hibernate Query Language (HQL). It also supports caching and transaction management.
    • Version: 5.5.7.Final
    • License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL)
    • Supported Databases: Oracle, MySQL, PostgreSQL, DB2, Microsoft SQL Server, H2, and more
    • ORM Features: Object mapping, lazy loading, caching, transaction management
    • Query Language: Hibernate Query Language (HQL) and Java Persistence Query Language (JPQL)
  3. 3
    14
    votes
    Struts is a popular framework for building web applications using the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture. It provides a set of components for building web applications, including a controller, view, and data model.
    Struts is a popular Java web application framework used to develop scalable and maintainable web applications. It follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architectural pattern, separating the application logic, presentation layer, and data access logic. The framework provides a set of components and libraries to facilitate rapid development and easy integration with other frameworks and tools.
    • MVC architecture: Follows the Model-View-Controller architectural pattern for separation of concerns.
    • Component-based: Offers a collection of components that can be easily assembled and configured to build web applications.
    • Request handling: Handles HTTP requests and routes them to the appropriate controller based on configuration.
    • Form validation: Provides built-in form validation capabilities for input data validation and error handling.
    • Internationalization: Supports multi-language application development through resource bundles and localized messages.
  4. 4
    17
    votes
    Play is a modern, lightweight framework for building web applications in Java and Scala. It is designed to be fast, scalable, and easy to use, making it a popular choice for building reactive applications.
    The Play Framework is a high-level web application framework for Java and Scala. It follows the Model-View-Controller architectural pattern and aims to simplify the development of web applications by focusing on developer productivity and code simplicity. It provides a lightweight yet powerful toolset for building scalable and efficient web applications.
    • Version: Latest version is Play 2.8.x.
    • Language Support: Java and Scala
    • Architecture Style: Model-View-Controller (MVC)
    • Routing: Built-in routing system with support for RESTful APIs.
    • Asynchronous Programming: Built-in support for non-blocking I/O and asynchronous programming using Futures.
  5. 5
    18
    votes
    Vaadin is a UI framework for building web applications in Java. It allows developers to build rich, interactive web applications using a component-based approach. Vaadin provides a set of pre-built UI components that can be easily customized to fit the needs of the application.
    Vaadin is a popular Java framework for building modern web applications. It provides a high-level component-based programming model that allows developers to create interactive and responsive user interfaces. Vaadin abstracts away many of the complexities of web development, enabling developers to focus on building the application logic in Java while automatically generating the corresponding HTML, CSS, and JavaScript code. With Vaadin, developers can create responsive and rich user interfaces that are optimized for both desktop and mobile environments.
    • Component-based programming model: Vaadin allows developers to build web applications using a high-level and intuitive component-based programming model, similar to desktop UI frameworks.
    • Automatic code generation: Vaadin abstracts away the need to write HTML, CSS, and JavaScript code manually by automatically generating them based on the application logic written in Java.
    • Responsive design: Vaadin provides built-in support for creating responsive user interfaces, ensuring that the application adapts and looks good on different screen sizes and devices.
    • Server-side architecture: With Vaadin, the application logic runs on the server, minimizing the amount of code that needs to be executed on the client-side.
    • Rich set of UI components: Vaadin offers a wide range of pre-built UI components that can be easily customized and extended, including buttons, grids, forms, charts, and more.
  6. 6
    6
    votes
    Grails is a web application framework that is built on top of the Groovy programming language. It provides a set of features for rapid application development, including scaffolding, data binding, and a built-in ORM. Grails is known for its simplicity, ease of use, and productivity.
    Grails is a high-productivity web framework for the Java platform that aims to simplify and streamline the development of Java-based applications. It leverages the Groovy programming language and follows the convention over configuration paradigm, allowing developers to focus on writing business logic rather than dealing with complex configuration.
    • Language: Groovy, Java
    • Web Framework Type: Full-stack
    • Architecture: MVC (Model-View-Controller)
    • Database Support: Multiple databases (MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, etc.)
    • Integration with Spring: Seamless integration with Spring Framework
  7. 7
    10
    votes

    Apache Wicket

    The Apache Software Foundation
    Apache Wicket is a component-based web application framework that allows developers to build web applications using pure Java code. It provides a set of reusable UI components that can be easily customized to fit the needs of the application. Wicket is known for its simplicity and ease of use.
    Apache Wicket is a popular Java web application framework that focuses on simplicity and a component-based programming model. It allows developers to build scalable and maintainable web applications using the Java programming language.
    • MVC Architecture: Follows the Model-View-Controller architectural pattern for clean separation of concerns.
    • Component-Based Development: Allows developers to create reusable and modular components, promoting code reuse and ease of maintenance.
    • Object-Oriented Approach: Supports object-oriented programming principles, making it easy to design and develop complex web applications.
    • HTML Markup Integration: Enables seamless integration of HTML markup with Java code, simplifying the development and maintenance of web pages.
    • Form Validation: Provides robust form validation capabilities, ensuring data integrity and improving user experience.
  8. 8
    6
    votes

    Apache Tapestry

    Howard Lewis Ship
    Apache Tapestry is a component-based web application framework that allows developers to build web applications using pure Java code. It provides a set of reusable UI components that can be easily customized to fit the needs of the application. Tapestry is known for its simplicity, ease of use, and flexibility.
    Apache Tapestry is a powerful and flexible open-source Java web application framework. It focuses on simplicity, ease of use, and developer productivity. Developed by Howard Lewis Ship, Tapestry provides a component-based programming model for building scalable, secure, and maintainable applications. With its convention-over-configuration approach, Tapestry promotes rapid development and reduces boilerplate code creation.
    • Component-Based Programming: Tapestry follows a component-based programming model, allowing developers to build reusable UI components.
    • Convention-Over-Configuration: Tapestry embraces convention over configuration, reducing the need for explicit configuration files.
    • Rapid Development: Tapestry focuses on speeding up development by providing intuitive tools and APIs.
    • Scalability: Tapestry supports scalable applications, enabling the development of large-scale projects.
    • Security: Tapestry includes built-in security features to protect against common web application vulnerabilities.
  9. 9
    8
    votes

    Apache Stripes

    Tim Fennell
    Apache Stripes is a web application framework that simplifies the development of Java web applications using the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture. It provides a set of components for building web applications, including a controller, view, and data model. Stripes is known for its simplicity and ease of use.
    Apache Stripes is a Java web application framework designed to simplify the development of robust, scalable, and maintainable web applications. It follows a Model-View-Controller (MVC) architectural pattern and provides various features and utilities to accelerate application development.
    • Lightweight: Stripes framework has a small footprint, making it suitable for resource-constrained environments.
    • Convention over Configuration: Stripes utilizes sensible default conventions, reducing the need for extensive configuration.
    • Extensible: It offers extension points and allows integration with other Java libraries and frameworks.
    • Easy Form Handling: Stripes simplifies form handling by automatically mapping form inputs to Java objects.
    • Validation Support: It provides built-in validation support for input data using annotations and validation rules.
  10. 10
    9
    votes

    Apache MyFaces

    Apache Software Foundation
    Apache MyFaces is a web application framework that provides a set of reusable UI components for building Java web applications. It is based on the JavaServer Faces (JSF) specification, which defines a standard set of UI components for building web applications. MyFaces is known for its flexibility and extensibility.
    Apache MyFaces is an open-source Java framework that provides a set of tools and components for building JavaServer Faces (JSF) applications. It aims to simplify the development of web applications by providing a rich set of features and a user-friendly programming model.
    • JSF 2.3 Compatible: Apache MyFaces is compatible with the JavaServer Faces 2.3 specification.
    • Component Library: MyFaces provides a comprehensive component library with various ready-to-use UI components.
    • Extensions: It offers various extensions to the standard JSF specification, such as support for AJAX, client-side validation, and custom component development.
    • Internationalization: MyFaces includes built-in support for internationalization and localization of web applications.
    • Integration: It integrates seamlessly with other Java frameworks and technologies, including Java EE containers, Spring, and Hibernate.

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Ranking factors for popular framework

  1. **Market adoption and community support
    ** A popular Java framework should have a large and active community of developers that use it, contribute to it, and provide support for it. This ensures that the framework is continuously updated, maintained, and improved.
  2. **Documentation and learning resources
    ** Good and comprehensive documentation, as well as the availability of learning resources such as tutorials, guides, and courses, is essential for developers to learn and effectively use the framework.
  3. **Ease of use and productivity
    ** The framework should be easy to learn and use, enabling developers to be productive quickly and focus on business logic rather than boilerplate code or configuration.
  4. **Integration with other technologies
    ** The Java framework should be compatible and easily integrable with other popular technologies, libraries, and tools in the Java ecosystem.
  5. **Scalability and performance
    ** The framework should be capable of scaling well, providing high performance and being able to handle large numbers of users or requests.
  6. **Flexibility and extensibility
    ** The framework should be adaptable to various project requirements and provide means for customization or extension if necessary.
  7. **Security
    ** A popular Java framework should offer robust security features, including protection against common security threats and vulnerabilities.
  8. **Stability and maturity
    ** A mature and stable framework ensures reliability, stability, and fewer bugs or issues for developers to deal with.
  9. **Testability
    ** The framework should support and encourage good testing practices, making it easy for developers to write, maintain and execute tests to ensure the quality of their applications.
  10. **Licenses and costs
    ** Consider the licensing terms of the framework, as well as any additional costs, such as support or commercial extensions.

About this ranking

This is a community-based ranking of the most popular Java framework. We do our best to provide fair voting, but it is not intended to be exhaustive. So if you notice something or framework is missing, feel free to help improve the ranking!

Statistics

  • 1358 views
  • 168 votes
  • 10 ranked items

Voting Rules

A participant may cast an up or down vote for each framework once every 24 hours. The rank of each framework is then calculated from the weighted sum of all up and down votes.

More information on most popular java framework

Java is a versatile programming language that has been around for over two decades, and it is still going strong. One of the reasons for its popularity is the diverse range of frameworks available for Java developers. These frameworks help developers build robust, scalable, and efficient applications quickly and easily. However, with so many Java frameworks to choose from, it can be overwhelming for developers to decide which framework to use. In this article, we will explore the most popular Java frameworks and help you make an informed decision.

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