The Most Successful International Environmental Agreement: A Comprehensive Ranking

Choose the international environmental agreement you think is the most successful!

Author: Gregor Krambs
Updated on Apr 10, 2024 07:55
Welcome to StrawPoll, where your opinions matter! Are you passionate about the environment and curious about the international agreements that have shaped our planet's future? Look no further! We've compiled a list of the most successful international environmental agreements, and now it's your turn to have a say! Cast your vote for the most effective global accord or suggest a missing contender. Join thousands of like-minded eco-warriors in ranking these powerful pacts that paved the way for a greener, cleaner, and more sustainable world. Don't miss this chance to raise awareness and contribute to the conversation – dive into the poll now and make your vote count!

What Is the Most Successful International Environmental Agreement?

  1. 1
    41
    votes
    The Paris Agreement is a legally binding treaty signed by 197 countries to combat climate change by limiting global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. It is considered the most successful environmental agreement as it has been ratified by the majority of countries and has set ambitious targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
    The Paris Agreement (2015) is an international environmental agreement that was adopted by nearly all nations in December 2015 at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris, France. Its aim is to combat climate change and ensure the long-term reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions.
    • Signing Parties: 197 countries
    • Overall Goal: To limit global average temperature increase to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C
    • Mitigation Commitments: Voluntarily determined nationally determined contributions (NDCs) by each participating country
    • Transparency and Accountability: Establishing a transparency framework to track progress and holding countries accountable for their commitments
    • Finance: Goal of mobilizing $100 billion annually by 2020 to support developing countries in their climate actions
  2. 2
    19
    votes
    The Montreal Protocol aims to phase out the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and has been successful in reducing the size of the ozone hole.
    The Montreal Protocol (1987) is an international environmental agreement that was created to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances (ODS). It is considered one of the most successful global environmental treaties.
    • Goal: To protect the ozone layer by reducing, phasing out, and eventually eliminating the production and consumption of ODS
    • Signature Date: 16 September 1987
    • Entry into Force: 1 January 1989
    • Parties: 197 countries and the European Union
    • Controlled Substances: CFCs, halons, carbon tetrachloride, methyl chloroform, and others
  3. 3
    19
    votes
    Kyoto Protocol (1997)
    L.tak · CC BY-SA 3.0
    The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty designed to curb greenhouse gas emissions and combat global warming. Although not as successful as the Paris Agreement, it set the stage for international climate negotiations and was the first legally binding agreement to address greenhouse gas emissions.
    The Kyoto Protocol (1997) is an international environmental agreement aimed at addressing climate change. It was adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and entered into force in 2005. The protocol sets binding emission reduction targets for developed countries, known as Annex I countries, to combat global greenhouse gas emissions.
    • Binding Targets: Establishes binding emission reduction targets for Annex I countries.
    • Funding Mechanism: Creates the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) to incentivize emission reduction projects in developing countries.
    • Flexible Mechanisms: Introduces three flexible mechanisms - Emissions Trading, Joint Implementation, and Clean Development Mechanism - to assist Annex I countries in meeting their targets.
    • Compliance Mechanism: Implements a compliance mechanism to monitor and enforce adherence to the emission reduction targets.
    • Adaptation Fund: Creates the Adaptation Fund to support developing countries in adapting to the impacts of climate change.
  4. 4
    29
    votes
    Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) (1975)
    Mario Pazzaglia · CC BY-SA 4.0
    CITES is an international agreement that regulates the trade of endangered species to prevent their extinction. It has been successful in protecting many species from overexploitation.
    The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is an international agreement aimed at ensuring that international trade does not threaten the survival of wild animals and plants. It was created to regulate and monitor the trade of endangered species and their products across national borders.
    • Year Established: 1975
    • Number of Member Countries: 183
    • Objective: Ensure sustainable trade of endangered species
    • Species Coverage: Approximately 5,800 animal species and 30,000 plant species
    • Regulatory Appendices: Three (I, II, and III) based on the level of protection needed
  5. 5
    15
    votes
    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (1992)
    Eckhard Henkel · CC BY-SA 3.0 de
    The UNFCCC is an international treaty that aims to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere to prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. It is the parent treaty of the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement.
    The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty established in 1992. It provides a framework for global cooperation to tackle climate change and its impacts.
    • Objective: Stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that prevents dangerous interference with the climate system.
    • Parties: 197 Parties (196 countries plus the European Union) as of 2021.
    • Key Principles: Common but differentiated responsibilities, precautionary principle, and sustainable development.
    • Commitments: Parties commit to preparing and communicating national climate change policies, implementing adaptation measures, and cooperating in financial and technological assistance to developing countries.
    • Conference of the Parties (COP): Annual meetings of the parties to review implementation and negotiate further actions.
  6. 6
    12
    votes
    The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty that promotes the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. It has been successful in protecting wetland ecosystems and the species that inhabit them.
    The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, also known as the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat, is an international environmental agreement established in 1971. The convention aims to promote the conservation and wise use of wetlands worldwide.
    • Adoption Year: 1971
    • Number of Contracting Parties: 171
    • Nickname: Convention on Wetlands
    • Primary Objective: Conservation and wise use of wetlands
    • Key Principles: Wise use, inclusion of local communities in wetland management, international cooperation
  7. 7
    3
    votes
    The Basel Convention aims to control the movement of hazardous wastes across national borders and ensure their safe disposal. It has been successful in reducing the amount of hazardous waste generated and preventing environmental pollution.
    The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, adopted in 1989, is an international environmental agreement that aims to regulate the transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and ensure their environmentally sound management. It was created as a response to the growing concern about the dangers posed by the transportation and disposal of hazardous wastes across borders.
    • Objectives: Minimize the generation of hazardous waste and promote environmentally sound management.
    • Scope: Covers the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and addresses their disposal and treatment.
    • Parties: 187 parties have ratified the treaty as of 2021.
    • Bilateral Agreements: Encourages countries to have bilateral or multilateral agreements with each other for the proper management of hazardous wastes.
    • Prior Inform Consent: Requires the prior informed consent of the receiving country before the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes.
  8. 8
    7
    votes
    MARPOL is an international treaty that regulates the discharge of pollutants from ships into the sea. It has been successful in reducing marine pollution from ships.
    The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) is an international agreement aimed at preventing pollution of the marine environment from ships' operational or accidental discharge of harmful substances and pollutants. It was created to address the increasing threats to the environment caused by maritime activities.
    • Year of Adoption: 1973
    • Entered into force: 2 October 1983
    • Amendments: Annex I – IV and VI have gone through numerous amendments and updates
    • Objective: Prevention of marine pollution caused by ships
    • Covered Pollutants: Oil, chemicals, harmful substances in packaged form, sewage, garbage, and air pollutants
  9. 9
    6
    votes
    Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (1992)
    L.tak · CC BY-SA 3.0
    The CBD is an international treaty that aims to conserve biodiversity, promote sustainable use of its components, and ensure the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. It has been successful in promoting conservation efforts and raising awareness about the importance of biodiversity.
    The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international environmental agreement established in 1992. It aims to conserve biodiversity, promote sustainable use of its components, and ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources. The CBD recognizes the intrinsic value of biodiversity and its essential role in sustaining ecosystems and human well-being.
    • Date of establishment: 1992
    • Number of parties: 196
    • Objective: Conservation of biodiversity and sustainable use of its components
    • Key principles: Intrinsic value of biodiversity, sustainable development, equity, and intergenerational equity
    • Implementation strategies: National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs), ecosystem approach, biodiversity monitoring
  10. 10
    0
    votes
    Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) (2001)
    Gabbe · Public domain
    The Stockholm Convention aims to eliminate or restrict the production and use of persistent organic pollutants, which are toxic chemicals that persist in the environment and can harm human health and wildlife. It has been successful in reducing the use of POPs and protecting human health and the environment.
    The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) is an international environmental agreement established in 2001. Its primary aim is to protect human health and the environment from highly toxic chemicals that persist in the environment and can have adverse effects on human health and wildlife.
    • Adopted: May 22, 2001
    • Entry into force: May 17, 2004
    • Parties: 182
    • Objective: To eliminate or restrict the production, use, and release of POPs
    • Chemicals covered: 12 initial POPs, known as 'The Dirty Dozen', with the provision to add more

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About this ranking

This is a community-based ranking of the most successful international environmental agreement. We do our best to provide fair voting, but it is not intended to be exhaustive. So if you notice something or Treaty is missing, feel free to help improve the ranking!

Statistics

  • 1068 views
  • 151 votes
  • 10 ranked items

Voting Rules

A participant may cast an up or down vote for each Treaty once every 24 hours. The rank of each Treaty is then calculated from the weighted sum of all up and down votes.

More information on most successful international environmental agreement

The environment is a global issue that requires international cooperation to tackle. Over the years, several international agreements have been put in place to address environmental challenges such as climate change, pollution, and natural resource depletion. Among these agreements, some have been more successful than others in achieving their goals. The most successful international environmental agreement is one that has been widely adopted, effectively implemented, and has had a significant impact on the environment. In this article, we will explore some of the most successful international environmental agreements and the impact they have had in addressing global environmental challenges.

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