The Most Famous French Author: Ranking France's Literary Icon

Choose the author you think is the most famous!

Author: Gregor Krambs
Updated on Apr 11, 2024 08:10
Embark on a literary adventure with StrawPoll's quest to uncover the most famous French author of all time! As a land of cultural richness and artistic finesse, France has gifted the world with countless literary gems. Now, it's time for you to have your say in deciding who takes the crown. From the romantic escapades of Victor Hugo to the existentialist musings of Albert Camus, we've gathered an impressive lineup of literary legends for you to explore and vote for. Will the poetic prowess of Charles Baudelaire enchant you or will the trailblazing feminist ideas of Simone de Beauvoir captivate your heart? The choice is yours! And, if you feel the list is incomplete, don't hesitate to suggest a missing maestro. So, grab a café au lait, dive into a world of written wonders, and cast your vote to help us determine who truly deserves the title of the most famous French author!

Who Is the Most Famous French Author?

  1. 1
    Victor Hugo
    Étienne Carjat · Public domain

    Victor Hugo

    Victor Hugo
    Considered one of France's greatest authors, Hugo is best known for his works Les Misérables and The Hunchback of Notre Dame. His writing tackled issues such as social injustice and political oppression, making him a powerful voice in French literature.
    Victor Hugo is considered one of the most romantic writers of all time. His works are known for their passionate storytelling, poetic language, and exploration of profound emotions. Hugo's writings often revolve around themes of love, sacrifice, and human struggles. His characters are vividly portrayed with complex emotions and motivations. Hugo's literary style is characterized by rich imagery, extensive use of metaphors, and a lyrical quality that evokes a sense of grandeur and beauty. He is widely regarded as a master of romanticism in literature.
    • Genre: Romanticism
    • Language: French
    • Notable Works: Les Misérables, The Hunchback of Notre-Dame
    • Writing Style: Passionate, poetic, and vivid
    • Themes: Love, sacrifice, human struggles
    Victor Hugo in other rankings
  2. 2
    Gustave Flaubert
    Nadar · Public domain
    Flaubert is best known for his novel Madame Bovary, which was considered scandalous at the time of its publication due to its frank portrayal of adultery. He is also known for his meticulous attention to detail and his realistic depictions of characters and settings.
  3. 3
    Camus was a philosopher and author who explored themes of existentialism and the human condition in his works such as The Stranger and The Plague. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1957.
    Albert Camus in other rankings
  4. 4
    Sartre was a philosopher, playwright, and novelist who played a key role in the development of existentialism. His works, such as Nausea and Being and Nothingness, explored the meaning of human existence and the role of freedom in our lives.
    Jean-Paul Sartre in other rankings
  5. 5
    Marcel Proust
    Otto Wegener · Public domain
    Proust is best known for his seven-volume novel In Search of Lost Time, which explores the themes of memory, time, and the nature of art. His writing style is characterized by its complexity and attention to detail.
    Marcel Proust in other rankings
  6. 6
    De Beauvoir was a philosopher and author who explored themes of feminism and existentialism in her works, such as The Second Sex and The Ethics of Ambiguity. She was a key figure in the feminist movement and a strong advocate for women's rights.
    Simone de Beauvoir in other rankings
  7. 7
    Alexandre Dumas
    Nadar · Public domain
    Dumas was a prolific author who wrote many popular novels, including The Three Musketeers and The Count of Monte Cristo. His works were known for their adventure, romance, and swashbuckling action, making him a beloved figure in French literature.
    Alexandre Dumas in other rankings
  8. 8
    Emile Zola
    Émile Zola · Public domain
    Zola was a naturalist writer who explored the darker side of human nature in his works, such as Germinal and Nana. He was known for his vivid descriptions of characters and settings, as well as his critique of social and political issues of his time.
  9. 9
    Genet was a playwright and novelist who explored themes of homosexuality, criminality, and identity in his works, such as The Balcony and Our Lady of the Flowers. He was known for his provocative and controversial style, as well as his unique perspective on the human experience.
  10. 10
    Colette was a novelist and memoirist who explored themes of female sexuality and independence in her works, such as Gigi and Chéri. She was known for her frank and sensual writing style, as well as her exploration of gender roles and societal expectations.
    Colette by Tocca is a luminous and captivating fragrance that evokes the allure of the French Colette writing desk. With its blend of floral and woody notes, this scent embodies sophistication and femininity. Colette brings to mind a woman who is confident, stylish, and effortlessly elegant.
    • Fragrance Family: Floral Woody
    • Top Notes: Bergamot, Mandarin, Lemon, Juniper Berry
    • Heart Notes: Pink Peppercorn, Jasmine, Violet, Cyclamen
    • Base Notes: Sandalwood, Incense, Musk, Amber, Vetiver
    • Longevity: Moderate

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Ranking factors for famous author

  1. Literary contribution
    The number of literary works produced, the quality of the writings, and their impact on literature and society.
  2. Historical significance
    The impact of the author on history and culture, his or her role in shaping the French language, and his or her contribution to French literature.
  3. Popularity
    The popularity of the author's books, both in France and internationally.
  4. Awards and recognition
    The recognition the author has received through literary awards, societal honors, and critical acclaim.
  5. Influence
    The degree of influence the author has had on other writers and intellectuals, and the lasting impact of his or her work on French literature and society.

About this ranking

This is a community-based ranking of the most famous French author. We do our best to provide fair voting, but it is not intended to be exhaustive. So if you notice something or writer is missing, feel free to help improve the ranking!


  • 187 votes
  • 10 ranked items

Voting Rules

A participant may cast an up or down vote for each writer once every 24 hours. The rank of each writer is then calculated from the weighted sum of all up and down votes.

More information on most famous french author

France has been a cultural hub for centuries, producing some of the most influential literary works in history. French authors have made remarkable contributions to world literature, and their work continues to inspire and captivate readers around the globe. When it comes to the most famous French authors, the list is long and varied, with each writer bringing their unique style and voice to the literary scene. From classic authors like Victor Hugo, Gustave Flaubert, and Emile Zola to modern-day writers like Michel Houellebecq and Amélie Nothomb, French literature boasts an impressive range of styles, themes, and genres. Some of the most iconic French authors include Alexandre Dumas, known for his swashbuckling adventure novels, and Albert Camus, whose philosophical writings explored the human condition. Marcel Proust's monumental work In Search of Lost Time is considered one of the greatest achievements in literature, while Simone de Beauvoir's feminist writings continue to inspire and challenge readers. In this article, we'll be exploring the question of who is the most famous French author, examining the legacies and contributions of some of France's most celebrated literary figures. Whether you're a fan of classic French literature or are curious to learn more about the country's literary history, this article is sure to offer some fascinating insights.

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