The Most Famous Mathematician in India, Ranked

Choose the mathematician you think is the most famous!

Author: Gregor Krambs
Updated on May 24, 2024 09:55
The influence of mathematicians in shaping the course of science and technology has been profound. In a country like India, with its rich heritage in mathematics, identifying the most influential figures in this field emphasizes the historical and ongoing contributions to global knowledge. By ranking these scholars, we not only celebrate their achievements but also inspire future generations to value and delve into the mathematical sciences. This dynamic list relies on collective insights to adjust rankings based on public opinion. Each vote helps assert the impact and relevance of a mathematician's work in the broader community. As users participate in this process, they contribute to a broader conversation about the importance of mathematics in society, encouraging a deeper appreciation and understanding of the subject.

Who Is the Most Famous Mathematician in India?

  1. 1

    Srinivasa Ramanujan

    A self-taught mathematician known for his contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions.
    • Notable Work: Ramanujan's theta functions, Ramanujan prime, Ramanujan–Soldner constant
    • Lifetime: 1887–1920
  2. 2


    An ancient Indian mathematician-astronomer whose work, the Aryabhatiya, includes many discoveries and theories in mathematics and astronomy.
    • Notable Work: Introduction of the digit zero, approximation of pi
    • Lifetime: 476–550
  3. 3

    Bhāskara II

    A medieval Indian mathematician and astronomer, known for his works on calculus, arithmetic, algebra, and mathematics of the planets.
    • Notable Work: Lilavati (book on arithmetic), Bijaganita (Algebra)
    • Lifetime: 1114–1185
  4. 4

    C. R. Rao

    A statistician and mathematician known for his work in statistics, particularly the theory of estimation and differential equations.
    • Notable Work: Cramér–Rao bound, Rao–Blackwell theorem, Fisher–Rao theorem
    • Lifetime: 1920–
  5. 5


    A mathematician and physicist known for his fundamental work in representation theory, especially harmonic analysis on semisimple Lie groups.
    • Notable Work: Harish-Chandra's theorem, Harish-Chandra homomorphism
    • Lifetime: 1923–1983
  6. 6

    Satyendra Nath Bose

    A physicist and mathematician known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, laying the foundation for Bose-Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose-Einstein condensate.
    • Notable Work: Bose-Einstein statistics, Bose-Einstein condensate
    • Lifetime: 1894–1974
  7. 7

    Raj Chandra Bose

    A mathematician and statistician known for his work in design theory, finite geometry, and the theory of error-correcting codes.
    • Notable Work: Bose–Chaudhuri–Hocquenghem codes
    • Lifetime: 1901–1987
  8. 8

    D. R. Kaprekar

    A mathematician known for his work in number theory, including the discovery of Kaprekar numbers and the Kaprekar constant.
    • Notable Work: Kaprekar numbers, Kaprekar constant
    • Lifetime: 1905–1986
  9. 9

    M. S. Narasimhan

    A mathematician known for his work in the field of algebraic geometry and for the Narasimhan–Seshadri theorem.
    • Notable Work: Narasimhan–Seshadri theorem
    • Lifetime: 1932–2021
  10. 10

    S. S. Shrikhande

    A mathematician known for his work in combinatorial mathematics and for disproving Euler's conjecture along with R. C. Bose and E. T. Parker.
    • Notable Work: Disproving Euler's conjecture
    • Lifetime: 1917–2020

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About this ranking

This is a community-based ranking of the most famous mathematician in India. We do our best to provide fair voting, but it is not intended to be exhaustive. So if you notice something or mathematician is missing, feel free to help improve the ranking!


  • 144 votes
  • 10 ranked items

Voting Rules

A participant may cast an up or down vote for each mathematician once every 24 hours. The rank of each mathematician is then calculated from the weighted sum of all up and down votes.

Additional Information

More about the Most Famous Mathematician in India

Srinivasa Ramanujan
Rank #1 for the most famous mathematician in India: Srinivasa Ramanujan (Source)
India has a rich history of mathematics, stretching back thousands of years. The most famous mathematician from India contributed significantly to the global understanding of mathematics. His work spans various fields, including algebra, trigonometry, and number theory.

From a young age, this mathematician showed an extraordinary talent for numbers. He grew up in a time when education was not easily accessible, yet he pursued his passion for mathematics with determination. His early exposure to traditional Indian mathematics laid a strong foundation for his later discoveries.

He worked on many complex problems that puzzled mathematicians for years. One of his notable contributions is his work on infinite series. He developed formulas that are still used today. His insights into these series helped solve problems that were previously thought to be unsolvable.

In addition to infinite series, he made significant advancements in number theory. He discovered new properties of numbers and developed new theorems. His work in this area has had a lasting impact and continues to influence mathematicians.

He also made important contributions to algebra. He developed new methods for solving equations and introduced new concepts that expanded the field. His work in algebra laid the groundwork for future mathematicians to build upon.

Trigonometry is another area where he made significant contributions. He developed new trigonometric functions and improved existing ones. His work in this field helped advance the study of astronomy and other sciences.

Despite his many contributions, he faced numerous challenges. He lacked formal education and often worked in isolation. However, his passion and dedication to mathematics drove him to overcome these obstacles. His work eventually gained recognition, and he received support from other mathematicians who saw the value of his contributions.

His legacy continues to inspire mathematicians around the world. His work has been studied and built upon by countless scholars. His contributions have had a profound impact on the field of mathematics and continue to be relevant today.

The most famous mathematician from India is remembered not only for his mathematical genius but also for his perseverance and dedication. His story is a testament to the power of passion and determination. His work has left an indelible mark on the world of mathematics and will continue to inspire future generations.

In summary, the most famous mathematician from India made groundbreaking contributions to various fields of mathematics. His work in infinite series, number theory, algebra, and trigonometry has had a lasting impact. Despite facing numerous challenges, he persevered and his legacy continues to inspire mathematicians around the world. His story is a testament to the power of passion and dedication in the pursuit of knowledge.

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