The Most Famous Iranian Scientist: Recognizing Prominent Contributions

Choose the scientist you think is the most famous!

Author: Gregor Krambs
Updated on Apr 17, 2024 08:12
Welcome to StrawPoll, the ultimate platform for celebrating the remarkable achievements of Iranian scientists! We have curated a prestigious ranking of "Who is the most famous Iranian scientist?" and we want your valuable vote to help us determine the winner. Delve into the fascinating world of these brilliant minds who have pushed the boundaries of human understanding, and let their inspiring stories captivate your curiosity. Our list features renowned innovators, groundbreaking researchers, and influential thinkers, but if you think we missed someone, feel free to suggest a name and join the conversation. Get ready to embark on a captivating journey through the annals of scientific history, and don't forget to cast your vote for your favorite Iranian scientist. Together, let's celebrate the awe-inspiring contributions of these intellectual giants!

Who Is the Most Famous Iranian Scientist?

  1. 1
    He was a Pakistani theoretical physicist of Iranian origin. He was the first Pakistani to win a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1979 for his work on electroweak theory.
  2. 2
    Ali Javan
    Samaksasanian · Public domain
    He was an Iranian-American physicist who co-invented the first gas laser in 1960. His work paved the way for many modern technologies, including laser eye surgery and fiber optic communications.
  3. 3
    Farouk El-Baz
    Ahmad Shahin · Public domain
    He is an Egyptian-American geologist and space scientist of Iranian origin. He played a key role in the Apollo lunar missions and helped select landing sites for the lunar modules.
  4. 4
    She is an Iranian lawyer, human rights activist, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate. She is known for her work on behalf of women's and children's rights in Iran.
    Shirin Ebadi in other rankings
  5. 5
    She was an Iranian mathematician and the first woman to win the Fields Medal, the most prestigious award in mathematics. Her work focused on the study of the symmetry of curved surfaces.
    Maryam Mirzakhani in other rankings
  6. 6
    Ehsan Yarshater
    Voice of America · Public domain
    He was an Iranian-American scholar of Iranian studies and the founder of the Encyclopædia Iranica. His work helped to preserve and promote the history and culture of Iran.
  7. 7
    Ahmad Khomeini
    Unknown authorUnknown author · Public domain
    He was an Iranian theologian and the son of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He played a key role in the Iranian Revolution and the establishment of the Islamic Republic.
  8. 8
    Gholam A. Peyman
    White House · Public domain
    He is an Iranian-American ophthalmologist who invented LASIK eye surgery in 1985. His work has helped millions of people around the world to improve their vision.
  9. 9
    Abdolkarim Soroush
    Hessam M.Armandehi · CC BY-SA 3.0
    He is an Iranian philosopher, theologian, and reformist thinker. He has been a leading voice for reform and democracy in Iran, advocating for greater freedom of thought and expression.
  10. 10
    He is an Iranian novelist and literary critic. His work has been translated into many languages and has won numerous awards. He is known for his innovative use of language and his exploration of the human condition.

Missing your favorite scientist?


About this ranking

This is a community-based ranking of the most famous Iranian scientist. We do our best to provide fair voting, but it is not intended to be exhaustive. So if you notice something or Scientist is missing, feel free to help improve the ranking!


  • 216 votes
  • 10 ranked items

Voting Rules

A participant may cast an up or down vote for each Scientist once every 24 hours. The rank of each Scientist is then calculated from the weighted sum of all up and down votes.

More information on most famous iranian scientist

Background Information: Who is the Most Famous Iranian Scientist? Iran has a rich history of scientific achievements, dating back to the ancient Persian Empire. From mathematics to astronomy, Iranian scientists have made significant contributions to various fields of science that have impacted the world today. However, when it comes to the most famous Iranian scientist, one name stands out: Mohammad Abdus Salam. Born in 1926 in what is now Pakistan, Salam was a theoretical physicist who made groundbreaking contributions to the field of particle physics. He was the first Pakistani and Muslim to receive a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1979, along with Sheldon Glashow and Steven Weinberg, for their work on the electroweak theory. Salam also played a key role in the establishment of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy, which has trained thousands of scientists from developing countries. Despite his numerous achievements and contributions to the scientific community, Salam faced discrimination due to his religious beliefs and nationality. In 1974, Pakistan declared Ahmadis, a religious minority to which Salam belonged, as non-Muslims, which led to his resignation from the government's scientific advisory council. However, Salam continued his research and remained an active member of the scientific community until his death in 1996. Today, Salam's legacy as a pioneering physicist and advocate for science in developing countries lives on. He serves as an inspiration for aspiring scientists, especially those from underrepresented communities, to pursue their passions and make a difference in the world.

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