The Most Popular Ethnic Group: A Comprehensive Ranking of Global Preferences

Choose the ethnic group you think is the most popular!

Author: Gregor Krambs
Updated on Apr 13, 2024 07:04
Welcome to StrawPoll, where your opinions matter and your voice counts! Today, we're diving into the vibrant and diverse world of cultures with a brand new ranking: "What is the most popular ethnic group?" Our world is a beautiful tapestry of different people, each with their own unique traditions, cuisines, languages, and customs. Now it's time for you to cast your vote and make your favorite ethnic group shine! Will it be the lively Latin Americans, the charming Europeans, the rich African cultures, or the enchanting Asians? Or perhaps another group that holds a special place in your heart? Don't see your choice listed? No problem, simply suggest a missing option and let others join in the celebration of your favorite culture. So, come along, explore the mosaic of the human experience, and let the voting begin!

What Is the Most Popular Ethnic Group?

  1. 1
    Han Chinese
    H. Grobe · CC BY-SA 3.0
    With a population of over 1.3 billion, Han Chinese is the largest ethnic group in the world. They are mainly found in China, Taiwan, and other parts of Asia.
    The Han Chinese is the largest ethnic group in China and the world, with over 1.3 billion people identifying as Han Chinese. They are the dominant ethnic group in mainland China and form the majority population in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macau. The Han Chinese have a rich cultural history and have significantly influenced East Asian civilizations.
    • Population: Over 1.3 billion
    • Geographical Distribution: Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau
    • Language: Mandarin Chinese (Standard Chinese), various dialects
    • Religion: Predominantly Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism
    • Culture: Influence on East Asian civilizations
    Han Chinese in other rankings
  2. 2
    This ethnic group is prevalent in the Indian subcontinent, consisting of over 1 billion people. They include various Indian subgroups like Punjabis, Bengalis, and Marathas.
    The Indo-Aryan ethnic group is one of the most prominent ethnic groups in South Asia. It is primarily composed of people who speak languages derived from the ancient Indo-Aryan language family. The group has a rich cultural heritage and has significantly influenced the history, art, literature, and traditions of the region.
    • Language Family: Indo-Aryan languages belong to the larger Indo-European language family.
    • Geographic Distribution: The Indo-Aryan ethnic group is primarily found in South Asia, including India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and parts of Afghanistan.
    • Population: With a population of over 1.5 billion people, Indo-Aryans represent a significant portion of the global population.
    • Religions: Indo-Aryans practice a variety of religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Sikhism.
    • Cultural Contributions: Indo-Aryans have made significant contributions to fields such as philosophy, mathematics, science, literature, music, and dance.
  3. 3
    The European ethnic group includes people from different parts of Europe, including Russians, Germans, and French. They are the third most populous ethnic group worldwide, with over 700 million individuals.
    The European ethnic group refers to the descendants of people from Europe, encompassing various countries and cultures across the continent.
    • Geographical Distribution: Europe and other regions of the world due to historic migrations
    • Population Size: Approximately 741 million (as of 2021)
    • Languages: Numerous languages are spoken, including Romance, Germanic, Slavic, Celtic, and others
    • Religions: Christianity, Islam, atheism, and diverse other religious beliefs
    • Cultural Diversity: Varied traditions, customs, arts, literature, and cuisines across different European countries
  4. 4
    The African ethnic group includes people from various African countries such as Nigeria, Ethiopia, and Egypt. With a population of over 1.3 billion people, Africa is the second most populous continent in the world.
    The term 'African' refers to the African ethnic group, which comprises diverse populations indigenous to the African continent. It encompasses a rich tapestry of cultures, traditions, and languages, reflecting the continent's vast diversity.
    • Populations: Comprised of diverse indigenous populations from the African continent.
    • Cultural Diversity: Encompasses a wide range of cultures, traditions, and languages.
    • Geographic Distribution: Found throughout the African continent, with varying concentrations in different regions.
    • Languages: Spoken languages include thousands of distinct indigenous languages, along with colonial languages.
    • Genetic Diversity: Exhibits significant genetic diversity due to the long history of human presence in Africa.
  5. 5
    The Hispanic ethnic group includes people from Spanish-speaking countries such as Mexico, Spain, and Argentina. They are the largest minority group in the United States, with over 60 million individuals.
    The Hispanic ethnic group refers to people who have cultural or ancestral ties to the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or Spain. The term 'Hispanic' is primarily used in the United States to describe individuals of Latin American descent.
    • Language: Spanish
    • Geographical Distribution: Primarily in Latin America and Spain, with significant populations in the United States
    • Ancestry: Spanish, Indigenous American, African, and European
    • Cultural Diversity: Hispanic culture is diverse due to the different nationalities and indigenous cultures within the group
    • Religion: Catholicism is commonly practiced, but there is religious diversity within the group
  6. 6
    The Arab ethnic group includes people from the Middle East and North Africa, such as Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Syria. They are one of the most influential ethnic groups globally, with a population of over 400 million individuals.
    The Arab ethnic group refers to a diverse group of people who primarily inhabit the Arab world, which includes 22 countries in the Middle East and North Africa. Arabs share a common linguistic and cultural heritage, with Arabic being their primary language. This ethnic group has a rich history, traditions, and contributions to various fields such as literature, arts, sciences, and religion.
    • Population: Approximately 400 million people.
    • Geographical Distribution: Mostly residing in countries such as Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Morocco, and others.
    • Language: Arabic is the primary language, with various dialects and regional variations.
    • Religion: Most Arabs are predominantly followers of Islam, with both Sunni and Shia sects represented.
    • Culture: Arabs have a diverse and rich cultural heritage, encompassing literature, poetry, calligraphy, music, dance, cuisine, and traditional clothing.
  7. 7
    The Malay ethnic group includes people from Southeast Asia, such as Malaysia, Indonesia, and Singapore. They are the dominant ethnic group in Malaysia, with over 20 million individuals.
    Malay, also known as Bahasa Melayu, is a beautiful Asian language predominantly spoken in Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, and parts of Indonesia. It belongs to the Austronesian language family and is the official language of Malaysia and Brunei. Malay has a rich cultural history and plays a significant role in the diverse community of Southeast Asia.
    • Regional Varieties: Different regions have variations in vocabulary, accent, and pronunciation, reflecting local cultural influences.
    • Script: Malay traditionally used the Jawi script, which is derived from Arabic script. However, it is now predominantly written using the Latin alphabet known as Rumi.
    • Vocabulary: Malay has a wide range of vocabulary, with words derived from various languages such as Sanskrit, Arabic, English, Dutch, Portuguese, and Chinese.
    • Grammar: Malay has a relatively simple grammar structure, with no verb conjugation or noun declension. It uses affixes to express tense, aspect, and possession.
    • Pronunciation: Malay has a phonetic system with straightforward pronunciation rules and does not have complex sound structures like tones.
  8. 8
    The Bengali ethnic group is prevalent in Bangladesh and India, with a population of over 250 million individuals.
    Bengali, also known as Bangla, is a beautiful Asian language primarily spoken in Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the seventh most spoken language in the world and has a rich literary history dating back to the 10th century. Bengali is known for its poetic and expressive nature, making it a popular choice for literature, music, and arts.
    • Writing System: Bengali script, a script derived from the Brahmi script
    • Alphabet: Bengali alphabet consisting of 50 letters
    • Phonetics: Phonetically precise with distinct consonant and vowel sounds
    • Grammatical Structure: Subject-Object-Verb (SOV) word order
    • Verb Conjugations: Extensive verb conjugation with different tenses, aspects, and moods
  9. 9
    The Russian ethnic group is prevalent in Russia, Ukraine, and other parts of Eastern Europe. They are the largest ethnic group in Russia, with over 110 million individuals.
    Russian is a Slavic language and one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. It is primarily spoken in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, and a number of other countries. The language is known for its complex grammar and rich vocabulary, making it an interesting and challenging language to learn.
    • Language Family: Slavic
    • Number of Speakers: Approximately 260 million
    • Writing System: Cyrillic script
    • Alphabet: 33 letters
    • Grammatical Cases: 6 cases
  10. 10
    The Japanese ethnic group is prevalent in Japan, with a population of over 125 million individuals. They have a significant influence on global culture and technology.
    Japanese is a modern East Asian language that originated in Japan. It is one of the most advanced languages in terms of its writing system, grammar, and cultural significance.
    • Writing System: Japanese uses a combination of three scripts: Kanji (adopted Chinese characters), Hiragana (a phonetic script for native Japanese words), and Katakana (used for loanwords and emphasis).
    • Complexity: Japanese has a complex honorific system, myriad levels of politeness, and different verb forms based on social status.
    • Grammar: Japanese grammar is characterized by its subject-object-verb word order, the use of particles for case marking, and a lack of grammatical gender.
    • Phonetics: The Japanese language has a relatively small phonetic inventory compared to many other languages, consisting of just around 100 distinct syllables.
    • Cultural Significance: Japanese is deeply intertwined with the country's culture, history, and social norms, making it a vital tool for understanding Japanese society.

Missing your favorite ethnic group?


Ranking factors for popular ethnic group

  1. Population size
    The overall number of people belonging to a particular ethnic group can be a key factor in determining popularity. Larger populations typically have a more significant influence on culture, politics, and society.
  2. Cultural influence
    Ethnic groups that have made substantial contributions to global culture, through arts, music, cuisine, language, and other cultural expressions, may be considered more popular.
  3. Socioeconomic status
    If a specific ethnic group has contributed significantly to the socio-economic development of a country or region, they may be perceived as more popular or influential.
  4. Integration
    Ethnic groups that are well-integrated within diverse societies and are known for their tolerance and collaborative nature can be considered popular.
  5. Historical and political significance
    The history and political influence of an ethnic group can impact their popularity. Groups that have played significant roles in shaping countries and world events may be considered more popular.
  6. Global presence
    Ethnic groups with large diaspora communities around the world might have a broader reach and, therefore, increased popularity. They may also have an enhanced impact on the global stage due to their international connections.
  7. Media representation
    The portrayal of ethnic groups in media and popular culture can significantly impact their popularity. Positive and accurate representation in films, television, books, and other media can contribute to the popularity of a group.
  8. Sports and athletics
    Ethnic groups with prominent representatives in sports and athletics may enjoy increased popularity and recognition.
  9. Education and intellectual contributions
    Groups known for their intellectual contributions to various fields, such as science, technology, literature, and philosophy, can be considered more popular.
  10. Geographic distribution
    The wider the geographic distribution of an ethnic group, the more likely they are to come into contact with other groups and, thus, have a more significant influence on different societies.

About this ranking

This is a community-based ranking of the most popular ethnic group. We do our best to provide fair voting, but it is not intended to be exhaustive. So if you notice something or ethnicity is missing, feel free to help improve the ranking!


  • 215 votes
  • 10 ranked items

Movers & Shakers

Voting Rules

A participant may cast an up or down vote for each ethnicity once every 24 hours. The rank of each ethnicity is then calculated from the weighted sum of all up and down votes.

More information on most popular ethnic group

Ethnicity is a complex and multifaceted aspect of human identity that encompasses a wide range of cultural, linguistic, and historical factors. Across the globe, there are countless ethnic groups, each with their own unique traditions, customs, and beliefs. However, when it comes to determining the most popular ethnic group, the answer can be difficult to pin down. Factors such as population size, political power, and cultural influence all play a role in shaping people's perceptions of different ethnic groups. Nevertheless, by examining various demographic data and social trends, we can gain a better understanding of which ethnic groups are currently the most widely recognized and celebrated.

Share this article